Please Examine Photos Carefully for condition. Lacquer has been used in Japanese art since around 7,000 BC, with techniques being perfected over centuries in order to produce exquisitely detailed designs for boxes and furniture intended for domestic use. The sap of the lacquer tree, today bearing the technical description of "urushiol-based lacquer, " has traditionally been used in Japan. As the substance is poisonous to the touch until it dries, the creation of lacquerware has long been practiced only by skilled dedicated Master Artisans. Lacquerware (, shikki) is a Japanese craft with a wide range of fine and decorative arts, as lacquer has been used in urushi-e, prints, and on a wide variety of objects.
A number of terms are used in Japanese to refer to lacquerware. Shikki means "lacquer ware" in the most literal sense, while nurimono means "coated things", and urushi-nuri means lacquer coating. As in other countries where lacquerware has traditionally been produced, the process is fundamentally quite basic. An object is formed from wood, sometimes leather, paper, or basketry.
Lacquer is applied to seal and protect the object, and then decoration is added. Generally, three coats (undercoat, middle-coat, and final coat) are used, the final coat sometimes being clear rather than black lacquer, in order to allow decorations to show through. Alongside the red and black lacquers, it is common to see the use of inlay, often seashells or similar materials, as well as mica or other materials. The application of gold powder is known as maki-e, and is a very common decorative element.
A few examples of traditional techniques follow. Ikkanbari , also known as harinuki is one common technique used to make tea wares. Invented by Hiki Ikkan in the early 17th century, the process involves the application of layers of lacquer to paper shaped in a mold.Iro-urushi , literally "color lacquer", was created by adding pigments to clear lacquer. The limits of natural pigments allowed only five colors (red, black, yellow, green and brown) to be used up until the 19th century, when various innovations appeared, along with the later introduction of Western artificial pigments. Shibata Zeshin was a major innovator in this field, using not only color but also other substances mixed in with his lacquer to achieve a wide variety of effects, including the simulated appearance of precious metals, which were heavily restricted from artistic use at the time due to government concerns over excessive extravagance. Shunkei-nuri , Shunkei lacquerware; it is created using transparent lacquer on yellow- or red-stained wood, so that the natural wood grain can be seen (similar to'Kuroye Nuri' in this respect). This method became popular in the 17th century in Takayama, Hida province.
Many articles for use in tea-drinking were manufactured using this technique. Urushi-hanga , developed by Hakuo Iriyama, producing a printing plate from dry lacquer, that was carved and finally used like a block print but instead of traditional printing colors with pigmented lacquer. Maki-e using metal powders, including gold, silver, copper and their alloys, spread with bamboo tubes or fine brushes. In hiramaki-e, the powders are sprinkled onto wet lacquer, to be then covered by another layer of lacquer.
Takamaki-e achieves a high relief effect by repeated layers, sometimes including the addition of charcoal, sawdust or clay. Togidashi-e involves covering the original maki-e in several layers of lacquer, then polishing down until the design is visible. Bahamas, Bermuda, Brunei, Darussalam, Cayman Islands, Chad, Côte dIvoire (Ivory Coast), Djibouti, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Polynesia, Guyana, Honduras, India, Iran, Jamaica, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Maldives, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, New Caledonia, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Saint Kitts-Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Wallis and Futuna, Western Sahara, Zimbabwe.
The item "Antique Japanese Miniature 3-Drawer Lacquered Handpainted Jewelry Box Cabinet" is in sale since Thursday, June 4, 2020. This item is in the category "Antiques\Asian Antiques\Japan\Boxes". The seller is "kbarbara" and is located in Gulf Breeze, Florida. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, South africa, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi arabia, United arab emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Malaysia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Panama, Jamaica, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brunei darussalam, Bolivia, Ecuador, Egypt, French guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Cayman islands, Liechtenstein, Sri lanka, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macao, Martinique, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion, Viet nam, Uruguay.